Children construct knowledge by using what they have learned, combining it with new information, and developing new understanding. They need to talk about what they are learning with each other and with adults.
Children need adults to help them make connections between what they already know and what they are learning. Adults need to participate in their play.
Children need opportunities to express what they are learning creatively, using paper, pencils, makers, glue, paint, clay, dough, and 3-dimensional materials to represent what they are learning and thinking about.